Is the son of Óðin and is god of thunder, and of the household. Powerful and virile, he is a protector and the guardian of gods and men alike. Thor's hammer Mjöllnir is the main defense against the giants, enemies of the gods. He is the patron of the karls, the common freemen. Of all the gods, he is the most beloved and respected by the sons of men. Since he controls the weather, his favor is frequently requested by sailors and travelers.


Thor is quick to anger. His usual response to any problem is to use Mjöllnir to smash the offender's skull down between his shoulders. To a Norseman, the sound of thunder was reassurance that Þór was on the job, protecting the worlds from enemies.


Thor is thick-skulled and susceptible to ridicule; in a battle of wits, he usually comes out second best. An example occurs in Hárbarðsljóð, in which Óðin, disguised as Hárbarð, and Þór engage in a flyting, the traditional Norse exchange of insults. The winner is the one who best proves his courage and manhood while demonstrating the cowardice, laziness, and effeminacy of his opponent. Þór is so outclassed in this exchange that he doesn't even realize he's lost the flyting.


Perhaps the funniest of the Norse myths is Þrymskviða, which tells how the giant Þrym stole Mjöllnir and refused to return it unless Freyja (the goddess of love, and the sister of Freyr) was given to be his bride. Freyja, naturally, refused. The gods were desperate to recover Mjöllnir. Heimdall concocted a plan: Thor  would disguise himself as Freyja and travel to Þrym's hall to recover the hammer. Þór protested, "The Æsir will think me perverted." 


His protests were overruled. The gods dressed Þór in a bridal veil and a becoming dress. To the outfit, they added broaches, and they hung a bunch of keys from his waist. Their eye for detail only added to Þór's misery, while delighting the assembled gods. Þór's protests were ignored as the gods crowned their efforts by placing a head-dress on Thor's head.


Taking Loki to serve as bridesmaid, Þór traveled to Þrym's hall in Jötenheim, land of the giants. Þrym was in a frenzy making preparations once he saw that "Freyja" was arriving. That evening, at the feast, Þrym was suspicious of "Freyja's" enormous capacity for food (an entire oxen) and drink (three casks of mead), as well as of her blazing eyes, but her "bridesmaid" explained that it was due to "Freyja's" wild anticipation for her wedding night.


Freya is the goddess of love. She is the sister of Freyr. Like Freyr, she is a Vanir, and was one of the hostages exchanged at the end of the war between the Æsir and the Vanir.


Perhaps a more accurate description would be to say the Freya is the goddess of sex and lust. She is sought after by giants (the mason who rebuilds the Wall of Ásgarð; by Hrungnir who duels with Þór; and by Þrym who steals Þór's hammer). Loki accuses her of being a whore in the poem Lokasenna.

In addition, Freyja is associated with war. She collects the chosen of the slain warriors with the val-kyrja after a battle. Half of them go to Óðin, while Freyja keeps half of them for herself.


Freya travels in a chariot drawn by cats. She possesses a cloak made of the feathers of a falcon, which allows the wearer to fly. But Freya's most treasured possession is her Brísingamen. This is a fantastically valuable piece of jewelry, but just what sort of jewelry is unclear from the surviving stories. The consensus is that it is a necklace. The story of how Freya acquired the necklace exists only in fragmentary form today.


Óðin is the greatest of the Æsir. He is the one-eyed god of wisdom, and poetry, and of battles and the slain. He is the patron of warriors, rulers, and poets. He is the lord of hosts and the god of inspiration.


Óðin's thirst for knowledge drives his actions in many of the myths. He became all-wise by drinking from Mímir's fountain, at the cost of one of his eyes. He impaled himself with his spear on Yggdrasil, the tree of life, for nine days to learn the secrets of writing (runes). He is Alföður (all father), father of many of the Æsir, and creator of the first man and woman. He won the mead of poetry from the giants at Jötenheim, and occasionally shares it with men of Miðgarð. In his hall, Valhöll, he entertains the special chosen of the slain warriors who are to battle at his side at Ragnarök. From his high seat Hliðskjálf in his hall Valaskjálf, he can survey all that happens in all the nine worlds. His ravens Huginn (thought) and Muninn (memory) fly out into the world every morning and return at nightfall to whisper into Óðin's ears all the news they have seen and heard. Óðin rides the eight-legged horse Sleipnir, and carries the spear Gungnir. He is recognized by his floppy hat and long cloak.


Óðin's character is far more complex than any of the other gods, and that complexity is mirrored by the long list of names used by Óðin: Alföðr (Father of All), Valföðr (Father of the Slain), Hangaguð (god of the Hanged), Haptaguð (god of Captives),Farmaguð (god of Cargoes), Hár (High One), Grímr (Hooded One), Svipall (Changeable), Hnikarr (Inflamer), Báleygr (Fiery Eyed), Bölverkr (Evil Doer), Viðurr(Destroyer), Yggr (Terror), Veratýr (god of Men), and even Jálkr (Gelding). The names show the many sides of Óðin, as a god of war, a giver of victory, a sinister and terrifying god, and a god who can not be trusted. The name of Jálkr probably refers to the fact that Óðin practices seiðr, a powerful but unseemly and effeminate magic that calls into question his masculinity.








Is the Goddess of the earth. She is one of Odin’s concubines and mother of the God Thor. As Goddess of the earth, she is the one who gave the apple tree of immortality toIdun to guard. Her name, which means “earth,” is also seen as Iord, Jord, or Jorth, and other names for her include Hlódyn(“hearth”) and Fjörgyn (“land”)












Is the Goddess of the Sun, also known as Sól, though some hold that Sól is the mother and Sunna Her daughter. In Norse mythology, the Sun is female while the Moon is male. When the world was created from the body of the dead giant Ymir by the triad of Odin, Vili, and Ve, the Sun, Moon and Stars were made from the gathered sparks that shot forth from Muspellsheim, the Land of Fire.


Sól ("Mistress Sun"), drives the chariot of the Sun across the sky every day. Pulled by the horses Allsvinn ("Very Fast") and Arvak ("Early Rising"), the Sun-chariot is pursued by the wolf Skoll. It is said that sometimes he comes so close that he is able to take a bite out of the Sun, causing an eclipse. Sol's father is Mundilfari, and She is the sister of Måni, the Moon-god, and the wife of Glaur or Glen ("Shine"). As Sunna, She is a healer.




Sköll (Old Norse "Treachery") is a warg that chases the horses Árvakr and Alsviðr, that drag the chariot which contains the sun (Sól) through the sky every day, trying to eat her. Sköll has a brother, Hati, who chases Máni, the moon. At Ragnarök, both Sköll and Hati will succeed in their quests.


Sköll, in certain circumstances, is used as a heiti to refer indirectly to the father (Fenrir) and not the son. This ambiguity works in the other direction also, for example in Vafþrúðnismál, where confusion exists in stanza 46 where Fenrir is given the sun-chasing attributes of his son Sköll. This can mostly be accounted for by the use of Hróðvitnir and Hróðvitnisson to refer to both Fenrir and his sons.